|Posted on 26 February, 2016 at 1:25||comments (0)|
The UN called on religious, education and opinion leaders in developing regions to join government officials and champion a halt to open defecation, a practice of 1 billion people worldwide — one-sixth of the developing world’s 5.9 billion inhabitants.
At UN Headquarters in New York marking World Toilet Day, coordinated by UN-Water, Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson highlighted the health threat posed by lack of access to sanitation, and the particular dangers open defecation poses for women and girls.Said Mr. Eliasson: “We know that political will at the highest level is critical to address these challenges. However, we also know that success at ending open defecation goes beyond infrastructure. It requires the understanding of behaviors, cultural attitudes and social norms.”“Throughout all life stages, women and girls bear the greatest burdens caused by the lack of toilet access. Girls are more likely to drop out of school if they don’t have access to a safe and clean toilet. Women and girls can also risk harassment and sexual abuse when trying to use public toilets or when trying to find somewhere to defecate in the open. Universal access to sanitation has a clear role to play in defending women’s safety, dignity and equality,” said Mr. Eliasson.The Deputy Secretary-General, on behalf of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, in March 2013 launched the Call to Action on Sanitation. This in turn inspired the UN’s End Open Defecation campaign created earlier this year; Said Chris Williams, Executive Director of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council, a global membership organization hosted by the United Nations: “The active support and efforts of leaders of religion, education and public opinion are needed as much as that of elected and other government officials. We call on all leaders of societies and cultures where open defecation habits are still tolerated: Help us end the taboos associated with frank talk about the dangers of the practice and the benefits of proper sanitation and hygiene.”“A generation ago, the idea of smoke-free restaurants, theatres, airports, banks and other public places seemed improbable. Attitudes were changed by the concerted focus of political leaders, health officials and advocates, and today the notion of sharing such spaces with smokers has become almost universally foreign. It is beyond time for all of humanity to have access to adequate toilets and to use them.”
|Posted on 26 February, 2016 at 1:20||comments (0)|
CLEAN YOUR WORKPLACE
1. Introduce awards, monetary benefits for clean work place
2. Beautify the area where people use to throw the garbage, this will refrain people from throwing garbage at that place again
3. Waste must be segregated properly in different bins
4. Put waste paper baskets in every room and a big one outside near the road with USE ME marked prominently
5. Ban chewing pan in all offices (esp Government offices)
6. Every employee should be made responsible for keeping his/her desk clean
7. Dust-bins should be imaginatively and attractively designed, in bright colours, with suitable inscription on them
8. A suitable system of fines and penalties needs to be devised
9. Leaders at all levels must make it a point to speak about it, and set personal examples - not just tokens, at all possible occasions
10. If we see anything(paper, plastic, banana leaf etc.) lying on floor, pick it and throw them in dust bin
11. Special task force should be made which will monitor and educate people in the office premises
12. Each individual responsible for at least one room in the office
13. Empower the admin/housekeeping head to impose fine on staff who litter the ground
14. Every workplace should have a waste disposal mechanism in place
15. Reach your work place 10 minutes ahead of time and clean up our own work place / work bench
16. Use hand driers instead of tissue papers in office washrooms
17. Common lunch place to be allotted where all irrespective of cadres should take lunch and eatables and through away the wastes in one place
18. An ‘Office Cleanliness Manual’ should be created and discussed induction of every new employee
19. Waste printed A4 sheets should be used as rough papers for notes on the back side
20. A poster campaign should be done in office telling people about the pros and cons of keeping their workplace clean
|Posted on 26 February, 2016 at 1:20||comments (1)|
The Indian economy is highly dependent on the agricultural sector. A huge population essentially translates into a need to address the growing food demands each year. This dependency is best seen in a year when a below-normal monsoon sends prices of food items ratcheting up.
Over the past years, fears of the El Nino phenomenon have kept farmers and economists worried. A number of farmer deaths have also been recorded across the country. Most of these are linked to crop failure followed by lack of rainfall and inadequate irrigation. Food and retail inflation are natural corollaries to the situation and this hurts the economy. In 2014-15, foodgrain production in the country dropped by about 5.3 per cent.
In an attempt to improve the agricultural productivity, the government of India has come up with a new scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY). According to news reports, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), which is chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, finalised the details of the scheme.
Indian Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said that the cabinet has “decided that in 5 years, INR 50,000 crore from the central budget would be utilised for the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana. States’ share will be over and above this”. The money shall be spent entirely towards improving farm yields and productivity, he said. The spending target, under the scheme, for the current financial year is about INR 5300 crore. This is almost twice the corpus set aside for any agricultural irrigation scheme in earlier budgets. Over and above the central government’s allocation, states shall add their funds to the scheme.
If the scheme turns out to be a success, economists and rural managers believe that the crop production could witness a manifold growth.
Details of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
According to current estimates, out of the 142 million hectares of agricultural land in India, only about 45 per cent has any arrangement for artificial irrigation. The rest of the agricultural farm is dependent solely on rainfall for its water needs. A delay in rainfall or a failure spells disaster for the farmers and shortfall in crop is the subsequent worry faced by the people. The government of India estimates that by spending about INR 5300 crore this fiscal, an additional 6 lakh hectares of agricultural land can be brought under irrigation. Apart from this, 5 lakh hectares of land will also receive the benefits of drip irrigation as a result. Micro-irrigation projects (“Har Khet Ko Pani”) and end-to-end irrigation solutions will be the key focus of this scheme.
The scheme shall also assume responsibility for various irrigation projects that were poorly implemented by previous governments despite adequacy of funds. These projects shall be improved based on strict quality guidelines. About 1,300 watershed projects that have remained in limbo shall now be completed.
According to news reports, the Finance Minister said, “The major objective of the PMKSY is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance adoption of precision-irrigation and other water-saving technologies”.
Apart from the irrigation projects, INR 200 crore from this scheme will be earmarked as Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) – the corpus required to promote the National Agricultural Market (NAM). This will give farmers easy access to the markets for sale of their produce. The FM also said that the budgetary allocation for this scheme may tie into the material component of the MNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act).
Irrigation and Water Conservation
Water conservation and cutting down on wastage is key to bringing irrigation facilities to every farm in the country. This makes introduction of sustainable water preservation practices and optimisation of water resources (More Crop Per Drop) just as important as introduction of new irrigation facilities. The PMKSY shall also explore a number of methods to treat and re-use municipal water for these irrigation projects. Water recycling shall hold much importance in the success of the scheme, said the FM. Private investments in these plans shall also be solicited by the government.
The planning and implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana has been decentralised and the states shall now draw district-level plans for its successful execution.
The long-term adherence to these District Irrigation Plans (DIP) and State Irrigation Plans (SIP) will be supervised by a National Steering Committee (NSC) with representation from the various ministries involved and shall be monitored by the Union Ministers. The Prime Minister himself shall chair the committee.
The implementation of the scheme shall be overseen by a National Executive Committee (NEC), which shall be chaired by the Vice-Chairman of the NITI Aayog.
PMKSY and Pro-farmer Schemes
The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is part of a group of pro-farmer measures that the NDA government endeavours to implement. Earlier, the Cabinet led by Modi agreed on various amendments to the Land Acquisition Act of 2013, which are likely to benefit those farmers whose lands are acquired by the central government for implementation of various projects. Apart from these, the NDA government has launched a number of social security schemes (pension, insurance schemes etc.) targeted at improving the lot of the poor masses in the country, with specific emphasis on the rural poor. Earlier this year, the government had launched the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana – a scheme to support organic farming endeavours.
|Posted on 14 September, 2015 at 7:45||comments (1)|
As per report of Medical Council of India, one adult person should consume half egg and minimum 15 gm of meat in a day, but at present the people of our state consume on an average 30 eggs in a year and 6 gm meat in a day. It means the people of our state consume much lower than the minimum percentage.
The main reason is that the requirements of our state cannot meet by local productions and ultimately we are purchasing from outside the state and causing the rate is high and the common people unable to buy these eggs and meat in high rate, so it is necessary to produce these materials in our state locally.
Considering these points in mind Chilarai Krishi Bikash Samity demand to establish some Poultry Villages in Dhubri district of Assam in a cluster basis involving women SHGs .They have experience in poultry and duck farming and they will be engaged in poultry and duck farming for production of poultry meat and eggs to fulfill the demand of this district as well as rest of the state. Since the state still imports poultry meat and eggs from outside the state and in make the state loss of crores of rupees and these products can easily be produced locally, so this project can serve better for employment of the rural women and make the district self-sufficient in this products.
|Posted on 14 September, 2015 at 7:40||comments (0)|
It is observed that in India 48 percent population defecates in the open, which is a matter of shame for the country completed 68 years of Independence. So, it is a pick time to raise our voice to stop open defecation in India and long time ago Gandhiji said that sanitation is more important than independence and considering this great sentence in mind Chilarai Krishi Bikash Samity, an NGO established in 1997 has started sanitation campaign in Dhubri district of Assam from 2nd October,2014 to make Dhubri a open defecation free district of Assam.
The Society has started awareness programme among the rural people to aware not to defecate in the open and use sanitary latrines.In 2nd October,2014 this Society has distributed more than 300 tree plants among the people under Uttar Geramari Gaon Panchayat. The President has inaugurated the plants distribution programme in presence of Secretary and other Members of the Panchayat. The General Secretary of the Society has also distributed the plants .Some informative Booklets are also distributed among people for awareness.
|Posted on 14 September, 2015 at 7:40||comments (0)|
The unemployment problem is a major problem in our country and a large numbers of unemployed persons are suffering due to lack of proper employment.Like this Dhubri is one of the economically backward district of Assam due to unemployment.
In this time to solve unemployment problem it is necessary to start some self employment programmes in this district.Already various schemes has been implemented ,but due to insufficient training most of the schemes are failed to achieve target.
In Dhubri no self-employment Training Institute or Centre is established by Central as well as State Government.NABARD,SIRD,CAPART,NEDFi,Rubber Board,Spices Board,Cocconut Development Board,Coffee Board,National Horticulture Board,ICAR,Extention Centre of Rural Dev. Deptt,Farmers Field School of Agriculture Deptt etc have not established in this backward district. For this reason the unemployed youths of this district deprived of getting benefits of their developmental schemes. To solve unemployment self employment is only way and one Self-Employment Training Institute in Dhubri is prime need at this time
|Posted on 16 August, 2015 at 16:50||comments (0)|
ভাৰতীয় গঁড়ৰ খৰ্গ একোটাৰ ওজন প্ৰায় ২ কেজি । ভিয়েটনাম আৰু চীনৰ বজাৰত প্ৰতি কিলো খৰ্গৰ দাম $ ৬৫,000 কে.জি. অৰ্থাৎ ৩৯০০০০০ টকা (উঃBBC)। গতিকে এটা গঁড় মাৰি খৰ্গটো নিব পাৰিলেই আয় প্ৰায় ৮০ লাখ টকা। ধৰি ল'লো এই দামৰ প্ৰচাৰ অতিৰঞ্জিত তথাপিও কমকৈ ধৰি ল'লেও ৫০ লাখ টকা...!!! অৰ্থত দুটা গঁড় মাৰিয়ে কোটিপতি !!! দৰকাৰ কেৱল কেইটা মান গুলি, এটা বন্দুক আৰু এজন সহকাৰীৰ সৈতে এখন কুঠাৰ, বাছ বনি গ'ল এজন নিষ্ঠুৰ চোৰাংচিকাৰী এজন কোটিপতি। কাজিৰঙাৰ পৰা আৰম্ভ কৰি ভিয়েটনাম আৰু চীনৰ মূল বজাৰখনলেই তেওঁলোকৰ আছে এক নিশ্চিত আন্তঃসংযোগী প্ৰক্ৰিয়া। পৃথিৱীখনত যিমান দিনলৈ আছে জীয়াই থাকিব এচাম কুসংস্কাৰ গ্ৰস্থ পাগল, যিমান দিনলৈ পৃথিৱীৰ বুকুত থাকিব গঁড়ৰ প্ৰজন্ম, সিমান দিনলৈ জিয়াই থাকিব খৰ্গৰ এই বজাৰখনো আৰু সিমান দিনলৈ চলি থাকিব চোৰাংচিকাৰীৰ দৌৰাত্ম্য। ইয়াক ৰখাবলৈ শক্তি প্ৰয়োগৰ বাহিৰে আন গত্যন্তৰ নাই । পিছে আমাৰ চৰকাৰ বাহাদুৰ আকৌ শক্তি প্ৰয়োগ দূৰতে থাকক, যুঁজৰ আগতেই মুষ্টিমেয় কেইটামান চোৰাংচিকাৰীৰ আগত আত্মসমৰ্পণ কৰি নিজৰ নাক কাটি সতিনীৰ যাত্ৰাহে ভঙ্গ কৰিব ওলাইছে। বাঃহ চৰকাৰ বাহাদুৰ বাঃহ । পিছে জানি থওক গঁড়ৰ খৰ্গৰ অংগচ্ছেদ কৰিও কিন্তু এই সমস্যাৰ সমাধান নহব, জিম্বাবুৱেৰ হবাঙ্গে নেচেনাল পাৰ্ক ইয়াৰ উৎকৃষ্টতম উদাহৰণ যত ১৯৯০ চনত অংগচ্ছেদ কৰা গঁড় সমুহৰ আধাকৈও বেছি সংখ্যকেই ১২ৰ পৰা ১৮ মাহৰ ভিতৰতে চোৰাংচিকাৰীয়ে মাৰি পেলাইছিলে। কিন্তু কিয় মাৰিছিলে চোৰাংচিকাৰীয়ে খৰ্গহীন একোটা গঁড়ক ...??? কাৰণটো অতি সাধাৰণ মনত ৰাখিব গঁড়ৰ অংগচ্ছেদ কৰিলেও কিন্তু আধা খৰ্গ গঁড়ৰ দেহত লাগিয়ে থাকে। তেতিয়া ৫০ লাখৰ ঠাইত হয়তো এটাকৈ গঁড় মাৰি ২৫ লাখহে পাব, যিটো অংক একেবাৰেই কমতো নহয় । সেয়েহে হঠকাৰিতাৰে আমাৰ ৰাষ্টীয় গৌৰৱৰ প্ৰতীক, আমাৰ আপোন গঁড়ৰ অংগচ্ছেদ নকৰিব। তাতকৈ শক্তিৰ প্ৰয়োগ কৰক, যাতে প্ৰত্যেকজন চোৰাংচিকাৰীয়ে গঁড় এটা মাৰাৰ আগতেই তাৰ হাতখন কঁপি উঠে।